Photos: Archaeology of hunter-gatherers

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Microliths from a hunter-gatherer settlement at 550m OD at Caochana n Ruadha, Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland in 2015. Excavations have shown a small (c. 2x3m) structure around a fire at c 8200 cal BP. Functional analysis of the assemblage demonstrates processing of animals and plant materials. The excavation is part of a broader examination of the use of upland/montane landscapes by hunter-gatherers in Scotland. Photo © G Warren
Bion Griffin tracing Agta arrowheads for later analyses. Photo © Bion Griffin
This was part of an ethnoarchaeological study on the nature of style in the Agta's arrowhead complex
Excavations at Belderrig, NW Ireland. University College Dublin excavations here revealed hunter-gatherer and early farming activity from c. 6500 -4500 cal BP. Hunter-gatherer groups fished in the near shore rocky environment, collected plants and may have influenced the structure of the local woodlands. The site is unusual in Ireland in having both late hunter-gather and early farming activity. Photo © G Warren
Excavation of hunter-gatherer settlement at 550m OD at Caochana n Ruadha, Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland in 2015. Excavations have shown a small (c. 2x3m) structure around a fire at c 8200 cal BP. Functional analysis of the assemblage demonstrates processing of animals and plant materials. The excavation is part of a broader examination of the use of upland/montane landscapes by hunter-gatherers in Scotland. Photo © G Warren
Fish bone from hunter-gatherer site at Belderrig, NW Ireland. Dating to c 6300-6000 cal BP, these bones include ballan wrasse and conger eel, suggesting exploitation of an inshore, rock environment. Photo © G Warren
Quartz and rock crystal from excavations of a hunter-gatherer site at Belderrig, NW Ireland. Photo © G Warren
Excavation of hunter-gatherer settlement at 550m OD at Caochana n Ruadha, Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland in 2015. Excavations have shown a small (c. 2x3m) structure around a fire at c 8200 cal BP. Functional analysis of the assemblage demonstrates processing of animals and plant materials. The excavation is part of a broader examination of the use of upland/montane landscapes by hunter-gatherers in Scotland. Photo © G Warren