(P25) The role of "new tourism" in post-/sustaining- hunter-gather societies
Convenors:Sachiko Kubota, Kobe University; Junko Maruyama, Tsuda University
Discussants: Rosita Henry, James Cook University
Abstract: The idea of promoting the active participation of local people in tourism for economic improvement has expanded. Tourists also want more commitment and exchange with local people. This session invites papers on the trials and difficulties current hunter-gatherer societies encounter with various tourism projects.
Keywords: new tourism, development, Australian Aborigines, African San
Format: standard panel
Precirculated papers: yes
Currently, tourism is expected to play a new role in providing solutions to various local obstacles, especially in areas with limited natural resources. The World Tourism Institute started the “Project to Reduce Poverty through Development of Tourism” in 2002. Since then, the promotion of local participation in tourism has been pursued, and is believed to be effective for socio-economic development. This idea has been gradually expanded and shared globally. At the same time, more and more tourists are following the trends of "new tourism", such as volunteer tours and study tours. In other words, visitors are eager to have direct exchange with local people and hope to make some contribution to resolving social problems, rather than just experiencing touristic enjoyment. This tendency has been increasing among tourists as the UN has declared 2017 as “the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development”. Tourism is expected to become a "functional tool" to realise natural conservation, cultural preservation, poverty reduction, conflict resolution and so on.
Many post-/sustaining hunter-gatherer societies are seeking solutions to their problems through "new tourism projects". For example, in Africa, it is reported that marginalised HG groups have become more active in participation in tourism. They are keeping their traditional livelihood of hunting and gathering and flexibly engage with tourism at the same time (Maruyama 2016). This panel invites ethnographically rich papers on various tourism projects and their positive/negative impacts both in post- and sustaining- HG societies in the world. It seeks to shed light on current difficulties and future possibilities in those societies through the examination of "new tourism".
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